Enamel: Material properties & tips for cleaning and care

Emaillebadewanne in einem Badezimmer mit einem Dielenboden

Are you looking for effective and environmentally friendly methods to clean your enamel surfaces? Then you've come to the right place! In the following article, you will find helpful information about the properties of this beautiful material. On top of that, we'll show you how to clean enamel with simple household remedies and natural cleaners, even when it comes to burnt-in stains or stubborn limescale in your enamel bathtub.

What is enamel and what should you pay attention to when cleaning it?

Enamel is a vitreous material made from a special type of powdered glass. The glass is fused to metal at very high temperatures to create a smooth, hard, heat-resistant surface. This technique is often used on cookware, bathtubs, and even ovens.

Enamel is known for its resistance to corrosion and scratches, it retains its color and is easy to clean . Despite its robustness, there are a few things to consider when cleaning enamel . The following tips will ensure that the surface is not damaged and that the typical enamel shine is retained.

  • Gentle cleaning products: Always use mild cleaning products to avoid damaging the enamel surface. Abrasive or acidic cleaners can scratch or even mattify the surface .
  • Soft cleaning tools: Hard brushes or scouring pads can cause scratches. That's why you should always use soft cloths or sponges to clean enamel.
  • Regular care: Regular cleaning helps prevent deposits and stains. That's why it's easier to clean enamel more frequently than to carry out sporadic intensive cleaning actions.
  • Be careful with high temperatures: Avoid placing hot objects directly on enamel surfaces as this may cause cracks.
  • Drying after cleaning: To avoid water stains, we recommend that you wipe the enamel dry after cleaning.

But what is the best way to clean enamel surfaces? Do you need special products or can dirt be removed using household remedies?

Cleaning enamel: household remedies & co. for sustainable cleanliness

Enamel is a beautiful but also sensitive material that can be scratched easily . To preserve its shine and longevity, you should avoid aggressive cleaning agents . With these simple and environmentally friendly methods, you can get your enamel surfaces in the bathroom and kitchen clean again.

1. Basic cleaning: The gentle start

Start with a basic cleaning. For gentle yet effective cleaning, we recommend the power concentrate with sugar surfactants and essential oils of eucalyptus and lavender from Emma Grün . It is particularly effective against dirt and limescale deposits without damaging the material.

It's really easy to use. Simply spray on, allow to work for a while, wipe with a damp cloth and wash off any residue.

2. Remove limescale from enamel bathtubs: natural and effective

Limescale deposits are one of the most common problems in the bathroom. To remove them, you can use Emma Grün's natural cleaning concentrates, as already mentioned, or mix a mixture of equal parts water and vinegar. Apply the solution to the affected areas, leave it to work for a few minutes and then rinse thoroughly.

Important: Unlike natural cleaning concentrates , you should make sure that the vinegar mixture does not remain on the enamel surface for too long . This could otherwise cause the shiny surface to lose its beautiful shine .

3. Stubborn stains on enamel: Baking soda as a secret weapon

For stubborn stains or deposits, a balm made from baking soda and water will help . Apply the paste to the stains, leave it for about 30 minutes, then gently scrub with a soft sponge. Then rinse thoroughly with water.

Baking soda for removing impurities

4. Shine and protection: the final care

After cleaning, it is important to dry the enamel surface . Use a soft cloth to avoid water spots and streaks . This will not only give your bathtub, shower tray or sink a beautiful shine, but will also protect the surface.

Emma Grün Tip: Avoid abrasive cleaners and hard brushes as these can damage the enamel. Gentle, environmentally friendly cleaning products such as the universal cleaning concentrates from Emma Grün are suitable for daily use. If there is severe discoloration or ingrained stains, you should contact a specialist.

Cleaning an enamel oven: Which household remedies are the right ones?

Due to its perfect properties, enamel is also used in ovens. The material is easy to clean and is known for its durability. However, sometimes everyday cleaning methods are not enough. Don't worry, we have some environmentally friendly and effective solutions for you!

1. Baking soda and water: a magical combination

One of the best ways to clean burnt-on oven stains is to use a baking soda and water paste . Mix baking soda with a little water to make a spreadable paste. Apply this paste generously to the stained areas and leave it overnight. The next day, you can easily wipe off the loosened dirt with a damp cloth. Baking soda is gentle on enamel and helps remove stubborn stains without harsh chemicals.

2. Vinegar: The natural limescale remover

After treating with baking soda, you can use vinegar to remove any limescale and add extra shine. Spray the affected areas with a mixture of water and vinegar and wipe with a soft cloth. Vinegar is a natural disinfectant and leaves a clean, shiny surface.

3. Regular care: The key to continuous cleanliness

To avoid the accumulation of stubborn dirt, regular cleaning is essential. To save you a lot of cleaning work, we recommend wiping your oven with a damp cloth after each use.

But it's not just sinks and ovens that benefit from the high-quality material. Enamel cookware is also becoming increasingly popular. The next paragraph will tell you how you can give your high-quality enamel pots and pans a long life.

Cleaning enamel pots: How to keep them functional for longer

Enamel pots are popular in many kitchens because they are robust and high-quality, distribute heat evenly and look classy. However, enamel requires special care to maintain its beauty and functionality . Here are some tips on how to clean your enamel cookware gently and effectively.

  • Immediate cleaning: If possible, you should clean your enamel pots immediately after use . This will prevent food residue from burning in and stubborn stains from forming . Fill the pot with warm water and a mild detergent and let it soak for a few minutes before you start cleaning.
  • Use soft sponges and cloths: Always use soft cleaning utensils for cleaning. In addition to aggressive cleaning products, hard brushes or scouring pads are the biggest enemies of enamel surfaces .
  • Treat stubborn stains with baking soda: The advantage of baking soda is that it acts like a mild abrasive without scratching. For stubborn stains or light discoloration, a paste made of baking soda and water is ideal. Apply this to the affected areas, let it work and remove all dirt with a soft cloth or sponge.
  • Descale enamel pot if necessary: ​​If you live in an area with hard water, limescale can build up in your enamel pot. To remove limescale, fill the pot with a mixture of water and a little vinegar and bring the liquid to the boil . Once the vinegar-water mixture has cooled, you can rinse the pot with water. You're guaranteed to have no more limescale.
  • Proper drying and storage: To avoid rust on the edges, enamel pots should be dried thoroughly after cleaning and then stored in a dry place.

Never heat enamel pots when they are empty, as this can cause damage . Also avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaners. This would damage the surface unnecessarily. But what can you do if the enamel surface has already been damaged?

Enamel coating damaged: what can you do?

External circumstances and incorrect cleaning methods can also cause damage to enamel, such as cracks, chipping or scratches on the surface.

Let's not kid ourselves: damaged enamel coatings are clearly a dilemma and have a negative impact on the appearance and, in the case of your cookware, on the cooking experience . Find out now what you can do if you have this type of damage and when it is better for your health to replace a pot or pan:

  1. Assessing the damage: First, you should carefully assess the extent of the damage. Small scratches or slight chips are usually no cause for concern and do not significantly affect the function of the dishes. If there is more extensive damage, especially if the underlying metal layer is exposed, you should be cautious .
  1. Assess the risks: If the enamel is damaged, the metal underneath may start to rust . Bacteria can also build up in damaged areas . Do not use dishes with severe damage for preparing or storing food.
  1. Repair options: For small damages, there are special enamel repair kits that you can use. These kits usually contain some kind of enamel paint that you can apply to the damaged area. Follow the manufacturer's instructions carefully and note that these repairs are mostly only effective for smaller damages and are by no means suitable for restoring a pot or pan coating .

Red enamel pot

  1. Professional repair: If the damage is more serious or you are unsure, it is advisable to call in a professional. There are specialists who can professionally restore enamel. This option is particularly recommended for high-value or sentimental pieces.
  1. Preventive care: To avoid future damage, we recommend that you always treat enamel dishes carefully. Avoid extreme temperature fluctuations and the use of sharp objects.

Important: In some cases, particularly if the enamel coating is extensively damaged, replacing the cookware may be the safest and most economical solution. Damaged enamel, particularly cracks or chips, can expose the underlying metal layer. Not only does this lead to an increased risk of rust, but it can also mean that metal gets into your food. In addition, the cracks can harbor bacteria that are difficult to remove and pose a food safety risk.

Another important aspect is the even distribution of heat, which can be affected by the damage. This will lead to uneven cooking or baking, which will affect the quality of your dishes and reduce the enjoyment of cooking.


In summary, cleaning enamel does require some attention, but it is quite easy with the right methods. Enamel is a durable and attractive material, but it needs to be treated gently to maintain its beauty and functionality.

Mild detergents or universal cleaners are suitable for daily cleaning and soft cloths or sponges are best. Stubborn stains and light discolorations can be effectively treated with a paste made from baking soda and water. This method is gentle on the enamel and removes stains without damaging the surface. For limescale deposits in enamel bathtubs or sinks, a solution of vinegar and water or a natural cleaning concentrate can help to gently dissolve the limescale residue.

Abrasive cleaning agents, hard brushes or scouring pads should be avoided as these can damage the enamel. After cleaning, the enamelware or surface should be dried thoroughly to avoid water spots and to prolong the life of the material.

FAQ: Questions & Answers

Can I use regular dishwashing detergent to clean enamel?

A mild detergent is suitable for daily cleaning of enamel cookware. A natural cleaning concentrate is the ideal solution for removing limescale, dirt and soap residue from enamel surfaces in the bathroom.

How do I remove stubborn stains from enamel?

For stubborn stains on enamel, we recommend a paste made from baking soda and water. Apply this to the affected area, allow it to work, then scrub gently with a soft sponge or cloth.

How safe is vinegar for cleaning enamel?

Diluted vinegar is safe to use, especially to remove limescale, but be careful not to leave the vinegar on for too long and to rinse the surface thoroughly afterward.

How do I deal with cracks or chips in the enamel?

For small damages on bathroom surfaces, enamel repair kits can be used. For larger damages on cookware, it is safer to replace the dishes to avoid the risk of rust and bacterial buildup.

How often should I clean enamel?

To prevent the accumulation of dirt and stains, you should clean the material regularly. This will prevent stubborn stains that require more effort to remove.


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